Gulf Fritillary
Agraulis vanillae

Wingspan is 2 - 2 1/2 inches.

Similar Species:


Open fields, open scrub, gardens, woodland edges and coastal areas.

Very common in the southern coastal plain, uncommon to rare in the northern coastal plain, eastern piedmont and mountains. There are very few records in VA and no records in WV.

Flight Period:
Adults fly from May until mid December in two or three broods. Usually Gulf Fritillary is not seen until late summer in most of the region.

Larval Host Plants:
Passion vines Passiflora spp.,
Maypop Passiflora incarnata in the Carolinas.

This is a southern migrant that works its way northward up the coast and northwestward towards Asheville NC.

The top and second photos were taken in Calhoun Co., SC on October 25, 2002. The bottom photo was taken in Richland Co., SC on October 25, 2002.

Start > Species List > Fritillaries >

Start > Species List > Fritillaries > Gulf Fritillary
Gulf Fritillary, Agraulis vanillae
Gulf Fritillary, Agraulis vanillae
Mouse over the above image to another Gulf Fritillary.
Gulf Fritillary, Agraulis vanillae

All images are the copyright of Randy Emmitt. Please request permission or purchase a license to use these images for anything other than personal use. Visit these links for inquiries on image licensing and CD purchases. Also visit our website at